The Different Machines and tools in a PCB Assembly

Before going through the main PCB assembly, a PCB goes through so many stages. In this stage, the assembly requires sophisticated machines and good practices to finish the task and produce a PCB with minimal to zero errors. Below are the different machines and tools that manufacturers use in the assembly process. Depending on the assembly process done by these manufacturers, they might actually require everything listed below.

Pick and Place Equipment

This equipment aids in the automatic placing of components in the printed circuit boards. Manufacturers use two different types of pick and place machines, the surface mount equipment and through-the-hole mounting equipment.

Stencil Printing Machine

Usually, manufacturers use a stencil-printing machine in surface mount technology. This machine deposits solder paste on the surface pads of the boards. However, the process of stencil printing seems to create problems during the Quick turn PCB assembly process. As the printed circuit boards become smaller, the efficiency of stencil printing machine decreases, putting solder paste becomes more difficult. That’s probably the main reason why an innovation in solder paste stenciling has emerged.

Solder Paste Jet Printer

This is the newest technology in the assembly industry. It eliminates the use stencils in the printing of solder paste on the circuit boards. The machine uses an ejection process, whereby it deposits solder paste on the printed circuit boards through syringe-like cartridges. It can deposit 500 droplets per second, which makes the assembly process faster than the standard stencil printing. Furthermore, it is capable of squeezing solder pastes into the smallest board in the assembly line. Another major advantage of paste jet printer is the reduction of the total production cost.

Soldering Machines

Assembly companies use these machines to solder the printed circuit board in a matter of seconds. The solder joints are reliable despite the quick process. A certain temperature is kept during this phase of the PCB assembly.

The standard practice in this stage is to coat the boards with solder mask. This mask protects the boards during the soldering process. Aside from ensuring proper masking, the spacing between surface pads should be sufficient as well.

Although machines are obsolete, some manufacturers still use them especially for assembly units that are simple and are not densely populated with electronic components.

Dip soldering Tools

These tools are the manual equivalent of soldering machines. Manufacturers use these tools in the rework process and on soldering components that are too small for the placement equipment to handle. These tools are present on surface mount technology and through the hole-mounting method.

Automatic Wiring Machines

Assembly houses use these machines if the assembly process includes wiring of the PCB boards. Some assembly manufacturers include services where the final output aren’t mere boards but complete electronic devices. This means the service includes outer casing and other accessories.

Storage Rack

This may not be a machine but it’s still an essential tool in keeping the boards in good condition. Using a storage rack to stack boards during transit from the PCB assembly house to the packaging department is standard procedure. It keeps surfaces of the boards safe from abrasion. Abrasion may cause short-circuits once the PCBs are connected to an external electric source.
PCBThe assembly process is the second of the three major stages of PCB production. The first one is the PCB fabrication and the last one is the final testing and inspecting of the boards for errors and defects. An assembly process is as important as the other two stages in the final output.

Thus, manufacturers have to exert effort in keeping the assembly line efficient and competitive. Efficiency refers to the keeping of the work area and equipment in top condition. On the other hand, competitiveness refers to the ability of a company to retain skillful workers to operate the machines necessary to complete the assembly. Surely, the very best manufacturing firms in the industry excel in maintaining both efficiency and competitiveness – in all possible aspects.


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Storage Container Basics

Generally speaking, a storage container or a storage unit is a term that describes a container of a considerable size that is used to hold your household or office items for a certain amount of time. It is possible to either rent or purchase your own storage unit depending on your needs. However, renting has recently become the more popular option since you will not have to set aside some of your own space for the storage unit.

Regardless, we at Movable Container Storage realize that not all storage containers are able to address all customer needs and purposes. In order to ensure that you will be able to maximize your investment, we have compiled a basic guideline that can help you choose the right storage container for you.

Choosing Your Unit

As previously stated, not all storage containers are created equal. However, if you are able to list down the exact criteria that you need for your unit, you will be able to find that one perfect fit.  Listed below are a few of the things that you should consider before you make that final decision.


Size Matters –

One of the main reasons why our client would choose to invest in a storage container in the first place is due to their need for extra space. Residential and business owners alike might be in the midst of renovations and discover that they do not have enough extra rooms to hide all of their furniture and supplies in.

Fortunately, storage containers come in a wide array of sizes. If you are renting, you can easily choose a smaller unit to start with then switch it out for a larger one when the need arises. This convenience and flexibility is particularly useful once a customer realizes that what once appeared to be a manageable amount of items turns into a rather large expanse of clutter once it is transferred from a vast office space into a cramped storage container.

However, if you choose to buy your unit instead, we recommend that you rent or purchase a storage unit that is slightly bigger than what you might initially need. After all, you will not be able to change your unit for a larger one as easily. So in this case, it would be best to just go big right from the start.

For example, if you initially considered getting a 20-foot storage unit for your items, you might actually need to get a 40-foot unit to accommodate any excess items. It would be to your advantage to have a bit of extra space left over after your items have been transferred into the unit just to be safe. This would also work in case you plan to use your storage unit for a long time and would need to continually store more items over the years.

Storage Container

Price Checks –

Though a hefty price tag might deter you from investing in a storage unit, it is best if you go through all of your options first before you decide to go with a cheaper unit. To be safe, set a budget for your container and make it flexible enough to accommodate the storage units that might fall above or below that limit.

To ensure that you are getting the best deal out there, you should also avoid being overly brand or name conscious when it comes to the actual storage container. While a well-known brand might seem more trustworthy, that name can also carry added expenses that will not really get you much in terms of actual convenience.  Rather than focusing on a familiar brand, you should choose the unit that offers the most amount of space in relation to the price tag to ensure that you are getting the best possible deal.

Applying Modifications –

It should be noted that while storage containers for rent do offer the bonus of freeing up extra space, they will also limit you in terms of design and use. Since the unit still belongs to the company, you will need to ensure that the storage unit is only used and maintained according to their specifications. Mostly, this means that the containers can only be used strictly for either transport or storage.

If you have any plans of modifying your storage unit to better suit your needs, it would be best for you to simply buy it and design it as you please. This option is best suited for customers who have plans of incorporating a simple storage container into a business plan. For example, you can easily convert storage containers into mobile food trucks, offices, homes, clinics, as long as you have the right tools and know-how.

Why People Are Choosing

Have you been challenged for a coin check before? If so, you must know how crucial it is to carry your military coin whenever and wherever you may go. But for those who are not yet aware of the challenge coin practice, it’s high time to know about the products and services offered by and why more and more people are choosing this company.

Going Back to the Past

During the First World War, American volunteers joined the newly-formed flying regiments in Europe. Some came from Harvard and Yale (they quit their midterms and decided to volunteer in the squadron). A rich lieutenant bought medallions made of solid bronze to present to his team. One pilot put his medallion inside a leather pouch and wore it around his neck. But an incident put his life in danger. The aircraft that the pilot was using got damaged and landed in the enemy’s territory.

Challenge Coin

But when the French officer was about to end his life, the pilot presented his medallion to prove his identity. They verified the statement of the pilot and found out he is an American. At the moment, he was immediately released and brought back to his home country. The medallion saved his life and so now, challenge coins are widely used to prove one’s identity or membership. You will usually see these medallions in military units, government agencies, and other organizations as offered by manufacturers like

Things to Follow when Using Military Coins from

Perhaps, you’ve heard about the rules in carrying challenge coins. Here’s a list of the ruling that you need to know when it comes to using your coins:

  • The rules should be properly explained to new holders.
  • The coin should be worn or carried all the time. This will give you the opportunity to challenge someone, anytime and anywhere. In addition, you have to draw your coin without exceeding four steps to present it.
  • When challenging a person, you should say whether it’s for only one drink or more.
  • Challenge CoinsIf you fail to present your coin, you will be the one to buy the drinks. This can be really expensive on your part, so you need to discipline yourself when it comes to coin bearing. However, once the coinless challengee or offender has bought them drinks, they cannot be challenged for a second time.
  • If the people being challenged are able to present their coins, the challenger will be the one to buy their drinks. Again, this can be expensive on your part so be wise before challenging anyone.
  • One important reminder is that you can never give your coin to someone during a challenge. If you do, that coin will be theirs and not yours anymore.
  • For lost coins, you can ask for replacement. New coins are given as replacement since losing one will not relieve you from your responsibilities.
  • Another important reminder is that there’s no exception to these rules. Clothed or unclothed, these rules apply so you better carry your coin all the time.
  • Coins cannot be worn as belt buckles, necklaces, or key chains. It should be held around your neck as the most proper way of carrying it.
  • Coins are controlled all the time. Passing it to someone is like welcoming everyone to your fraternity. This is a privilege and honor to the bearer and respect is required when bearing them. An awarded or given coin has greater value than those bought from novelty shops.
  • You are not allowed to drill any hole on your coin, or physically modify it in any way.
  • These rules are applicable to all coin bearers. It doesn’t matter where they’ve acquired it. Purchased, awarded, or previously owned, you should comply with these rules or face the consequences.

For a wide selection of challenge coins, you can visit today.

A Brief History of Embroidered Patches

Embroidered PatchesEmbroidered patches are popular items used to spice up garments and accessories. They are commonly sewn or ironed-on to uniforms, casual clothes, jeans, hats, hankies, jackets, and other fabric articles. These cloth adornments are not just worn for decorative purposes. They are also personal expressions of uniqueness and individuality. Ever wondered when these tiny embroidered adornments started to make waves in the fashion industry? Let’s take a quick trip down memory lane and learn its history in this article.

Meant to Mend and Decorate

According to research, embroidered patches first entered the clothing industry during the 3rd Century BC in China. The tiny cloth pieces aren’t originally meant to adorn dresses. Rather, the ancient dressmakers use them to mend holes, tears and clothing mishaps. After patching up the clothes, they add intricate designs around the patched areas to enhance its look and make it beautiful. This way, no one will suspect that the clothing is actually damaged beforehand. Other civilizations followed China’s suit and started making their own embroidered fabric patch. People started to embroider designs into small-sized cloth pieces which resemble the modern-day patch. The Babylonians, Egyptians and Phoenicians extensively used these small embroidered fabrics in their robes, curtains, beddings and daily wear.

The Dawn of Mechanized Embroidery

The embroidered patch already existed even before sewing machines did. Ancient seamstresses embroider small pieces of cloth by hand and sew them on dresses and robes. They used a variety of stitches such as stem stitch, satin stitch and back stitch to create their tiny masterpieces. However, modernization slowly took over the traditional way of embroidery. The Industrial Revolution saw the birth of sewing and embroidery machines.

American pioneer Alphonse Kursheed created the first embroidery machine in 1873. His machine was inspired by hand embroidery, looms and textile making. The new machine used multiple needles to sew and embroider on clothes. Another talented sewing pioneer named Isaac Grumble was inspired by Crushed machine and created a simpler one which used a continuously threaded needle and a shuttle. Grumble’s machine was known as the Stiffly Machine and became the basis for the modern sewing machines that we have today.

The Start of Widespread Use

Public awareness and use of the patch significantly increased as modernization of embroidery techniques started. The patch became a staple in various organizational units throughout the globe. For instance, military units started to wear uniforms with their patched insignia visible on the uniform’s sleeves. A patch signifies the soldier’s rank and skill, and wearing them boosts up their morale. Military medical teams also started to use the patch for their uniforms. These people wore the bright Red Cross patch sign on their uniforms for easy identification during a battle. Even civilian citizens started using patches on their clothes as symbols of organization affiliation and unity. The 1970s and 1980s saw an extensive use of patched garments and accessories worldwide.

Modern-Day Patch Creation

Thanks to digital technology, creating a patch is easier than ever today. Designs are made and uploaded on computers who convert these to digital proofs. These are then used to create the embroidery on small pieces of cloth via computerized sewing machines. The finished product is then sewn on to the clothes or applied with a special iron-on adhesive backing that enables easier patch application by heat. Modern patches can now be made in bulk for organizations and individuals alike.

Then and Now

During the early days, seamstresses created a unique custom patch for each clothing that needs to be mended. Today, patch design can still be customized to fit anyone’s fashion taste. It’s easy to have a batch of custom-made embroidered fabric patches done. Patch shops such as offers an easy way of ordering and creating the perfect patch for any client’s needs. Be it a patch for the school uniform, company souvenir, or kid’s clothes, can surely do it! Why not try out their patch services today? are your one-stop, no-problem source if you need embroidered patches, patches for sports teams, businesses, military units, motorcycle clubs and events, camping, Scouting, martial arts or any other purpose.

The Different Motivational Speakers By

Sometimes, it is not enough to hire a knowledgeable person to talk about specific topics or just generic ones to a large group. Although these people possess the needed information, they may not be able to relay them to an audience effectively. This is where the need to hire experienced speakers enters into the picture.

Let let you know what are motivational speakers and what are they for.
What are Motivational Speakers?

Motivational speakers, also referred as inspirational speakers, are individuals who have public speaking skills. They make speeches generally to challenge the listeners, to enlighten them, and/or to evoke positive changes to them. Motivational speakers can talk about a wide variety of topics, from profound meaning of life to strategies on how to increase sales.

Good speaker

Speaking to different conferences and other settings is the job of motivational speakers. It may appear easy, but preparing the perfect speech can actually be tedious. The amount of traveling they do is also tremendous. They had to meet with their clients from different states and organizations.

Usually, the payment for motivational speakers includes their food during their stay with their clients. Transportation fee is also included for some instances.

The Different Kinds of Motivational Speakers listed below the different kinds of speakers. Our objective is for you to know which kind to pick for your upcoming gathering.

Keynote Speakers

These speakers integrate the theme of the convention or conference to their speeches. They create a topic to talk about that is closely related to the theme of the event.

There are times when keynote speakers are hired to conclude a conference. They then make a summary about all the subjects that were raised and discuss. Their goal is to ensure that every information is clear and well translated to the listeners.

Corporate Speakers

These speakers have either an experience in the corporate world or an expensive knowledge about it. Their line of expertise includes business, management, sales, operations, and often, the relationship between the employees as well. Corporate speakers are hired for company conventions, both for the executives and for the entire organizational structure.

Motivational Speaker

Most of their topics revolve around strategic methods that will help the business improve. The speakers do not only inform corporate people; they also motivate them to work efficiently to achieve their desired outcome.

Environmental Speakers

These speakers advocate green living. They talk to a wide variety of audience, from students to the general public. Their goal is to brief their audience regarding the changes that are happening to our environment, such as climate change. They also encourage the listeners to initiate activities that will save Mother Earth from further destruction. had observed that these speakers are usually hired whenever a natural calamity is projected to occur. During these cases, they are to talk about how to face the calamity with ease, what to do when problems pop out, and where to go in need of evacuation. They also talk to different communities about topics like cleanliness, planting trees, and caring for the forests and rivers.

Health Speakers

Health speakers, quite obviously, have expertise in health. They talk to hire awareness to the public about different diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, chronic heart disease, and HIV. They also suggest ways on how to prevent these diseases. Health speakers also speak to different communities.

Motivational Speakers

They also tackle topics on mental health. They know methods that can help people suffering from various mental conditions cope with their condition. They also encourage the patients to be optimistic, strong, and courageous in their battles. Some of these health speakers have also experienced battling with serious illnesses, which is exactly why they are able to help other patients.

Youth Speakers

These speakers have the skills to talk and deal with young people. They know what tone to use when interacting with the youth. They also know how to engage them, how to rekindle their curiosity, and how to inspire them to become better persons.

Youth speakers can speak about various topics that are apt for teenagers and the early-twenties, like substance addiction, mental health, education, career, family, religion, and relationship. Before going straight to their speech, they usually strive to befriend their audience first, so that they will be trusted and listened to.

Effective youth speakers are those which carry success stories with them. A good example are those who were involved to illegal drugs during their teenage years, found out that those substances have nothing but negative effects, and learned to successful release themselves from their vices or addiction. They have their own experience to share to young people of today.

Lifestyle Coaches

Last to list of motivational speakers is the lifestyle coaches. These speakers aim to change the lifestyle of their listeners. They motivate them to eat the right food, engage to fitness activities, learn new things, become a good citizen, and wear the ideal clothes for them.

Lifestyle coaches also have individual clients that they help in a daily basis. There are a lot of celebrity lifestyle coaches that cater other celebrities, as well.

Discount Golf Clubs Without Sacrificing Quality

Buying discounted items does not always mean having to forgo the quality check. With careful scrutiny of the material and how such item was made, one can easily determine if it has been cheaply made, or if the materials are not as durable as they appear.

For example, in buying discount golf clubs, one must be able to dissect the parts of a club first. From there, one can determine if the golf club is still of good quality or not.

A golf club is composed of 5 distinct parts, each with a corresponding function, and a preferred material.

The long part of the club is called the shaft. Shafts are often about 0.5 inches in diameter, and has a length that ranges from 34 to 48 inches. Longer shafts are preferred for woods and drivers for added driving speed, while shorter shafts are preferred for irons and wedges for those more accurate shots. However, the standard length of shafts for drivers being used in professional tournaments are at 44.5 inches.

To determine whether discount golf clubs have good shafts, its must be made a tapered tube of steel or graphite, with a weight which can range from 45 to 150 grams. Again, the weight will have to depend on the type of club – woods and drivers are preferred if they are lighter, while irons and wedges are best when they are on the slightly heavier side. Skilled players also prefer the heavier shafts because of the more compact swing it can give, allowing for more accurate shots.

Another component part of every golf club is the head. The club head is the part that touches the ball, and the buyer must consider its size and shape prior to purchase. Discount golf clubs that are made of metal like titanium or steel are considered to be of good quality. The shapes would depend on the purpose of each club. Those with convex faces and hollow bodies are used for long distance shots, while those with flat faces and longer bodies are preferred for precise shots. There are also heads made for short-distance shots, which are specifically designed to allow the ball to roll smoothly on the grass and onto the hole.

Golf AccessoriesThe grip is the part which is located at the top of the shaft which allows the player to have a firm hold of the club. It is usually composed of one or more leather strips, while some prefer rubber or synthetic material. The choice of grips would depend upon the comfortability of the player, and may even be customized.

One of the more overlooked parts of golf clubs are the hosel and the ferrule. The hosel is the part of the club head which attaches to the shaft, while the ferrule is the trim ring on top of the hosel which secures it to the shaft. Good discount golf clubs should have a ferrule that is securely in place to make sure that the club is intact regardless of the number of swings. It is also worth noting that the hosel and the ferrule play important roles in the general balance and power of the club and must not be taken lightly.

There are the major considerations when browsing through discount golf clubs.

Other factors can also include one’s budget, age, skills, and general comfortability with the clubs. Nonetheless, there are different golf clubs available which easily suits each player. In fact, some manufacturers designed clubs that are especially made for women, while there are also some specifically for beginners.

When buying these sporting equipment, it is always best to take time and browse through all the options available. One must make sure that his money will be put in a good investment.

A colossal choice of golf types of gear like golf clubs, golf drivers, golf fairway woods, golf iron sets and more are accessible at

Consider the Following in Buying HCG Drops

Here are some of the things that you probably do not know about HCG drops. This diet product comes from a hormone, a bodily hormone from females. High amounts of this hormone are secreted in the body when the female is pregnant and its presence is detected through urine test. This is why when a woman suspects that she is pregnant, she undergoes a urine test. It is actually the amount of HCG in her urine that is measured.

A few drops of urine are needed to facilitate the test. A pregnancy test kit can do the job, which is available in many local drugstores in your area. This is an over-the-counter medical kit, in which case no prescription is needed when buying one.

HCG-dropsHCG drops also are being sold in the market without the prescription of a doctor. In fact, the Food and Drug Authority has not issued a formal statement regarding the safe use of the product yet. However, HCG drops have been distributed by local suppliers to the market in a legal way. The fact that the FDA or the local government has not issued a memorandum or an order to stop the distribution and marketing of the product is more obvious in where it stands in all these. It is highly impossible that they are not aware or do not know about HCG drops because they are constantly on the lookout for new products in the market.

They monitor the consumer market with hawk eyes. The reason why they are not doing anything to stop the distribution is probably because they cannot find enough evidence to refute the potency of the product. Many people have reported positive effects of HCG and the claim that the product really works is outstanding. It is up to you to decide whether to believe it or not, but when you do, please make sure that your decision is based on educated research.

In fact, a lot of doctors now are prescribing the product to their patients. It is just a natural thing to do to consult your doctor about this. If there is one person who can best advise you whether or not to take the product, it is your physician. He knows the properties and the components of the product more than you do and much more than what any other marketing campaigns that you can find anywhere.

It is interesting to note that the product can produce results in just a few days or weeks.

Each person taking the product may not produce the same results all at once. Others may notice the decrease in their weight after several days or weeks but some may say that they lost weight in just two days of taking the product. Another challenge would be in finding a reliable supplier of the product. If you check, there are many stores selling the product. Try to check if this is available in your local drug store.

HCG-InjectionsIf you know somebody who is into HCG drops, find out where he gets the product. Check the manufacturing date and the expiry date of the bottle. Do not just find out the benefits of the products but the possible risks as well. It pays to know what you are taking. Even men can take this supplement even if its main ingredient was extracted from the body of a woman. There has not been any incompatibility issues reported. There are HCG clinics that perform HCG injections to patients. This can be costly and other people may faint at the sight of an injection needle. With HCG drops, no more injections are needed.